There are a number of prophecies in the bible that describe the worldwide exile of the Jewish people.
Deuteronomy 28:64 “And G-d shall scatter you among all the peoples from one end of the earth to the other…”
Ezekiel 34:13 “I will bring them out from the nations and gather them from the countries, and I will bring them into their own land.”
Jeremiah 31:7 “Behold I bring them from the north country and gather them from the uttermost ends of the earth, the blind and the lame amongst them, the woman with child and she who travails with child all together; a great company shall they return there.”
Ezekiel 38:8 :From many days you [Gog] will be remembered; at the end of the years you will come to a land [whose inhabitants] returned from the sword, gathered from many peoples, upon the mountains of Israel, which had been continually laid waste, but it was liberated from the nations, and they all dwelt securely.
Isaiah 43:5-6 “Fear not for I am with you; from the east I will bring your seed, and from the west I will gather you. I will say to the north, “Give,” and to the south, “Do not refrain”; bring My sons from afar and My daughters from the end of the earth.”
Ezekiel 37:21-22 “And say to them, So says the Lord God: Behold I will take the children of Israel from among the nations where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side, and I will bring them to their land. And I will make them into one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel, and one king shall be to them all as a king; and they shall no longer be two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms anymore.
Clearly the bible predicts a worldwide dispersal of the Jews from one end of the earth to the other, among all the nations. What is so astounding is how this unlikely prophecy was literally fulfilled through the Jewish people.
In history, the Jewish people were by far the most scattered people on earth, especially given their population. Since their forced exile from the land of Israel–a process which began almost 2000 years ago–the Jewish people over time established communities across the globe. From South Africa, West Africa, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, throughout all of Europe, the Middle East, India, Australia, China, Japan, Russia, North, Central, and South America – the Jewish people were dispersed throughout the entire world, and no other people could historically make a similar claim. The Gypsies, who were relatively widespread in many areas, came no where close to the Jewish dispersion across the earth. Even the Muslim and Christian religions historically did not have communities in as many varied areas as the Jews.
Then around the years 1900-1948, during the time when the Jews began returning to the land of Israel in large numbers–thus ending their forced exile from the land–the situation in the world began to change. Many Jews began leaving entire areas of the world for Israel.
At the same time, with the advent of modern day travel and the improvement of human rights in large areas of the world, many various ethnic and religious groups willingly chose to leave their homelands and move to various parts of the globe. Today you will find communities from India, Russia, China, among others, in many areas of the world. There are today Christian and Muslim communities in most areas as well, though many of these groups have still not reached as many locations as the Jews did, especially given their populations.
It is rather astounding that the small Jewish nation ended up with communities in as many varied places across the globe as they did. They accomplished this without modern day travel and in parts of the world that were extremely dangerous for them. They did it long before any other nation came close to such an accomplishment. And furthermore, it was only after the forced exile from their original homeland was coming to an end, while the world was simultaneously becoming a better place that other nations finally began settling in as many far flung areas as the Jews did.
So in sum, the bible clearly predicted a number of times that the Jewish people would be spread out in communities around the globe until the time would come to begin their gradual return to the land, and this is precisely what happened. This worldwide dispersal was predicted long before it happened, it was not a likely occurrence, it was not self-fulfilled, and it was not foreseeable. This is a fulfilled prophecy.